The right choice of bonsai for growing in our climate and the correct determination of the conditions of its maintenance are the key to the plant's health and its normal existence. With the help of the following article, we will help you choose the plant that is most suitable for planting.
Theoretically, it is possible to grow absolutely every plant in miniature, whether it be a shrub or a tree, but bonsai art has its own favorites, which I would like to draw attention to. Basically, these are deciduous and coniferous plants. So, the most popular are maple and pine. They are quite whimsical and grow extremely slowly, but it's worth trying to create the right conditions and observe the necessary care in order to grow these masterpieces.
Bonsai lawmakers, the Japanese, grow miniature ornamental plants in fresh air, that is, on the street, and bring them into the room only on holidays. In our regions, such an opportunity simply does not exist, since even on the balcony, in the winter, the plant may die. Root freezing occurs, which turns into an extensive disease of the whole plant, which leads to slow death. However, plants that were taken for bonsai from nature cannot be kept indoors permanently. When properly maintained, they need winter peace, which is achieved at temperatures from 0 to -5 degrees Celsius. So especially for bonsai you will be forced to provide the necessary climate, for example on a glassed-in balcony. Before you start growing bonsai, you need to determine exactly the plant that is more or less predisposed to our climate. Their fitness is much higher and the percentage of survival is much greater than that of plants of an exotic nature.
Plants that are suitable for growing in our environment:
- Common lilac, Hungarian lilac, White pork swid, White variegated pork;
- Japanese Spirea, Middle Spirea, Birch leaf spirea, Low-fruited Spirea;
- Irga alder, Forsythia european, Common cherry, Steppe cherry;
- Siberian spruce, Prickly spruce, Prickly spruce, Spherical willow, Weeping willow, Willow Ledebur;
- Berry Apple-tree, Sievers Apple-tree, Cossack Juniper;
- Siberian larch;
- Low almonds, bobovnik, varietal Chubushnik;
- Viburnum vesicular;
- Viburnum ordinary, Maple river;
- Cotoneaster Aronia, European Euonymus;
- Ussuri pear, Hawthorn;
- Drooping birch; Barberry of Thunberg;
- Purple barberry, Amur barberry.
Choosing a Bonsai Plant
Indoor plants for bonsai
It is much easier to grow bonsai from indoor plants, subtropical and tropical. They do not require any special conditions for wintering or growing up, and it’s much easier to form a bonsai from them and this can be done in a short time, of course, in a comparative concept. Even in ordinary wildlife stores you can find ficuses that are suitable for the formation of small decorative trees from them.
One of the main criteria when choosing a material for a bonsai will be the ability to find plants with small leaves and flowers that are roughly proportional to the small trunk of the plant itself. So the future plant, already initially, will be proportionally reduced creation, similar to an adult tree.
We grow bonsai
Also, in addition to external data and conditions of detention, when choosing plants for bonsai, people are often guided by the beneficial properties of plants. Some of them, in addition to producing a small amount of oxygen, have the property of disinfecting the surrounding air, while simultaneously inhibiting the vital activity of various harmful microorganisms or supplying it with volatile secretions of leaves with medicinal properties. In the list of similar plants:
- Ficus Benjamin;
- Laurel noble;
- Arabian coffee
- Boxwood is evergreen;
- Chinese hibiscus
- Privet Japanese;
- Japanese euonymus;
- Thuja western;
- Muraya is exotic;
Professionals who have been practicing bonsai for many years say that in no case should you choose a plant for planting at home that you do not like, annoying in appearance, color or smell. Plants for bonsai should only bring positive emotions and be sure to match your character.