Honeysuckle ripens in the garden before any other berries. Summer is just beginning, and in the market you can already see enterprising grandmothers with buckets filled with dark blue and blueberry, a welcome treat for an organism that is tired for the winter. There are always buyers for honeysuckle, because it is not only a delicious treat, but also highly recommended for the treatment and prevention of certain diseases.
What are the benefits of honeysuckle
How useful is this early berry? First of all, it is a source of vitamins, in particular vitamin C, whose content in this berry is comparable to its content in lemons, therefore 100 grams of honeysuckle will satisfy our daily need for ascorbic acid. Vitamin P, which is also in the composition, helps the absorption of the vitamin. As a result, eating this berry contributes to the fight against viral infections, diseases of the heart and blood vessels, as well as maintaining youthfulness and purity of the skin.
Berries lower blood pressure and help strengthen the walls of blood vessels, they are recommended for hypertensive patients, the elderly.
There are a lot of magnesium in blue berries, which helps our nervous system to function normally and successfully overcome stress. Potassium, also in the composition, is needed to maintain optimal blood pressure, for the heart and blood vessels, iodine - for good thyroid function, zinc - to normalize digestion, accelerate wound healing. Berries have anti-sclerotic and anti-inflammatory effects, as they contain substances called volatile.
The people have long been recommended to give honeysuckle to people who have suffered a long illness, weakened and those who have digestive disorders.
For medicinal purposes, not only the berries of the plant are used, but also its flowers, leaves and branches. A tincture of flowers helps with cystitis, a decoction of leaves is used for inflammation of the throat and eyes, and a decoction of bark and branches - for dropsy. Also, a decoction of the leaves can be used to rinse the hair to strengthen it.
How to grow honeysuckle
Honeysuckle has a peculiar tart taste. Crumpled berries sprinkled with sugar, eaten in the morning before breakfast, will give you a boost of energy and high spirits for the whole coming day. Fresh berries, covered with sugar, are also used for the preparation of jelly, fruit drinks and pie fillings. In order to prepare a valuable berry for future use, you can cook jam or jelly from it. The blanks are obtained in a deep burgundy blue color, a very pleasant taste, a bit like blueberries.
Yes, the honeysuckle is delicious and also good! But you need to remember that sour berries are not advised to eat for people with gastritis, as well as a stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, so as not to exacerbate these diseases.
By the way, it is believed that even the smell of honeysuckle calms the nerves, gives confidence and stimulates creativity. So artists and writers, in order to inspire their inspiration, will not hurt to make friends with this wonderful plant!
Spring honeysuckle pruning
There are a huge number of honeysuckle varieties that you can choose based on your needs and your own taste.
- Harvest varieties: Violet, Sirius, Sibiryachka, Titmouse, Selena, Fire Opal, Katyusha, Narymskaya, Morena, Ivushka, Kapel, Long-fruited, Berel, Blue spindle;
- Early varieties: Blue spindle, Sorceress, Cinderella, Long-fruited, Blue bird, Morena, Tomichka, Sineglazka;
- Varieties that have large fruits, weighing more than 1 gram: Sibiryachka, Pavlovskaya, Narymskaya, Lenita, Morena, Lapis lazuli, Swan, Zest, Sorceress, Cinderella, Long-fruited, Bazhovskaya, Chosen one;
- Tall varieties, height from 1.5 meters: Cubic zirconia, Persistent, Bluebird, Sinilga, Bazhovskaya, Swan, Magus, Lenita, Morena;
- Medium-sized varieties, 1 - 1.5 meters high: Chernichka, Chelyabinka, Violet, Tomichka, Sineglazka, Fire Opal, Nymph, Lapis Lazuli, Blue Spindle, Berel, Raisin;
- Weedy varieties, their height is less than 1 meter: Cinderella, Chosen One, Long-fruited, Sorceress.
- Varieties with delicious fruits: Violet, Cubic zirconia, Raisin, Nymph, Dessert, Zest, Fiancee, Volkhovka, Gerda, Amphora;
These definitions will help you choose the right plant variety for your own summer cottage that will be able to satisfy all your requirements. But this is not all, because if you want to see a healthy and strong honeysuckle in your garden, then you need to know how to grow a crop and how to care for it.
For culture, it is necessary to choose a sunny, sheltered from the cold wind, flat area. Since the plant loves fertile and fertilized soil, it must be prepared. One way may be to introduce manure, superphosphate and potash fertilizers into the soil. Planting takes place in the usual way for seedlings.
The bush will begin to bear fruit in the third year. Interestingly, honeysuckle is generally not demanding on heat and can begin to bloom even at a time when the spring temperature has only stepped over 0 degrees Celsius. The first berries can appear by mid-May, about a month after the plant began to bloom.
In fact, honeysuckle is a rather frost-resistant plant that can survive spring frosts with flowering and ovary up to -8 degrees Celsius and exist in very harsh conditions when the thermometer drops to -70 degrees Celsius. At the same time, the plant is photophilous, but not whimsical, although it is poorly related to excessively dry or waterlogged soils.
How to plant honeysuckle
The plant is planted in a permanent place. In this case, it is advisable to observe the correct distance between plants, about 1.5 meters. If you want to get more fruits, then you can initially plant several honeysuckle bushes in the garden, thereby ensuring cross-pollination. Experts say that it’s best to plant a couple or even more plants, since then the number of fruits increases significantly, if the plant is lonely, then there is practically no fruit when self-polluted.
Although the plant is relatively unpretentious, he still likes the fertile bud, its moderate humidity and the ability to consume sunlight. Honeysuckle also needs top dressing, constant loosening of the soil, timely but moderate watering, proper pruning of shoots and the destruction of old ones. Dry branches from the trunk.
The soil that is most suitable for growing honeysuckle is a substrate of medium or light loam with a high content of humus. This soil mixture is obtained by mixing humus, turf soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1 or even 2: 3: 1. When planting in such soil, it is recommended to fertilize the plant with mineral fertilizers.
Due to the compactness of the root system, the plant tolerates a transplant quite simply, so you can propagate honeysuckle on your own, but you need to remember about moisture. In dry time, each bush should be watered under the root and, if possible, irrigated with cool water over the crown.