Instructions for the use of Oxychom show that the drug belongs to systemic contact fungicides, which are used to treat and prevent fungal diseases of agricultural crops. The peculiarity of the product is that it is easy to dilute and spray, has a two-component action, which makes it possible to use it in large agricultural farms.
Description of the drug Oxyhom
Oxyhom is intended for processing vegetable crops and fruit trees
Oxyhom is a white powder. It is also on sale in the form of tablets. The fungicide is intended to rid cultures of colonies of fungal microorganisms parasitizing on them. The product is highly soluble in water, due to which the preparation procedure for spraying is quick, which is very important when it comes to processing a large number of crops.
Advice! Processing work should be carried out taking into account the upcoming weather. It is desirable that there is no precipitation for a day before and after using the product. The same recommendation applies to watering crops.
Oxychom treats the stems and leaves of the plant, while the active components of the drug are able to affect the culture both from the outside and from the inside. Accordingly, the efficiency is significantly increased, especially since such an advantage allows you not to worry about the weather.
The Oxyhom fungicide contains 2 active components - oxadixil and copper oxychloride. High efficiency is due precisely to these substances. Copper oxychloride is able to quickly penetrate the structure of the plant, and then into the spore of the fungus, begins to destroy it from the inside. Oxadixil greatly enhances the action of copper oxychloride, which inhibits the development of microorganisms in the treated area.
Mechanism of action
After processing the plants, a thin film forms on their leaf plates, which reliably protects them from the effects of microorganisms. Fungal spores are not able to penetrate through it into the agricultural crop. Therefore, the plant develops throughout the season, being protected by copper oxychloride.
Oxadixil acts on the plant in a different way. The substance penetrates deeply into the culture and affects pathogenic microorganisms. The drug begins to work a few hours after treatment.
Oxychom is suitable for the treatment of grapes for treatment and prevention
Oxyhom is recognized as an effective composition for the treatment and prevention of many crops, the consumption rate of the product should be different.
In the instructions of the drug Oksikhom for use for cucumbers, the consumption rate is indicated - 30 g of the product per 10 liters of water. For tomatoes and potatoes, the norm will be 30-35 g of the drug for the same amount of liquid, for onions - 24-30 g, and for beets - 32-40 g. At the same time, you need to pay attention to the recommended number of treatments.
The consumption rate for the processing of berry and fruit trees is significantly different. The preparation Oksikhom for processing grapes will require 60 g per 10 liters of water when the culture grows by 20-30 cm. The apple tree, pear, cherry, peach, apricot and plum should be processed before flowering. You will need from 40 to 80 g of the product per 10 liters of water.
Rules for processing plants with Oxyhom
Before use, you need to carefully read the instructions. Attention should be paid to the correct preparation of the solution, taking into account the time of day and weather conditions. It is also necessary to be aware of the maximum permissible impact on the crop and the risks of possible contact with the soil. Despite the fact that the list of action of the drug is wide, it is better to find out in advance for what problems with the agricultural crop it can be used.
The working solution must be prepared immediately before use. During dilution, all precautions should be observed, since the substances that make up the drug are unsafe for human health. The solution is prepared based on the rate specified in the instructions. That is, for 10 liters of water, the amount of the drug is required that corresponds to the treated culture and its disease.
Important! Fungal infections develop rapidly, but it is very difficult to notice the disease right away. It is recommended to frequently inspect the bottom sheet plates.
It is advisable to prepare a container in which it is convenient to mix the resulting solution. Water is poured into it and the solution is gradually added. The mixture is prepared from 1 liter of water and the required amount of the product. Mix the prepared solution gradually and carefully, since it has a rather low durability.
Rules for the use of Oxychoma
It is forbidden to process with Oxyhom during the flowering period
When using, care must be taken that Oxyhom does not fall on the soil. In the event that liquid is spilled onto the ground, it must be completely replaced in this place. That is, the damaged soil should be dug out and replaced with a new layer. Oxyhom is dangerous for water bodies and its inhabitants. Therefore, it is prohibited to spray it within a radius of 150 m from a river or lake.
It is important to take into account that there should be an interval of at least 10-12 days between processing. Otherwise, it will negatively affect the culture. Maximum utilization in a season also matters. Do not spray the plant more than 3-4 times.
A favorable time for processing is morning, after the dew has evaporated, or evening. Spraying is excluded during the heat when exposed to sunlight. This can cause severe burns on the sheet plates. The absence of wind is equally important.
For vegetable crops
Vegetable crops can be started in the spring, after rooting in the soil. At the time of the beginning of flowering, processing work is prohibited, this can damage the plant, as well as the bees. The maximum number of sprays with Oxyhom for processing tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers and other vegetables is no more than 3 times per season.
At the same time, the instructions for the use of the Oxyhom fungicide for tomatoes indicate that the first treatment is carried out either as a prophylaxis, or at the first signs of the disease. Next, you should observe the culture. Reapplication is possible after 10-12 days.
The preparation Oxyhom for the treatment of cucumbers for prophylactic purposes must be produced before flowering begins, after which the solution can be applied 1-2 times more with an interval of 9-13 days.
The first prophylaxis for potatoes is carried out before the rows close, when the plant height has reached 15-20 cm. The second treatment must be carried out during the budding period, but before flowering begins. Further, one should proceed from the state of culture.
For fruit and berry crops
All types of fruit and berry crops can be processed 4 times during the season. The first spraying is carried out before the flowering stage, then after the flowers have fallen off. Subsequent can be performed as needed at intervals of 2 weeks.
Oxyhom can be used for all crops according to the instructions.
In the instructions for the use of the fungicide Oxyhom for grapes, it is indicated that in order to prevent diseases, the drug can be used twice. The first treatment will be required when the shoots grow 20-30 cm in height, the second after 2 weeks. The use of Oxychoma for grape disease is required in the initial stages of the lesion. The second time is before flowering. The third and fourth processing is carried out during the formation of berries and in the phase of the beginning of technical ripeness. In this case, the interval should be 14-20 days.
The required number of treatments should be determined independently, based on the state of the agricultural crop, but it should not exceed the permissible rates recommended by the manufacturer. The period of protective action is 10-14 days. The speed of exposure to the substance is not more than 3 days.
Compatibility with other drugs
The drug should not be mixed with other products. This is especially true for those substances for which an alkaline environment is contraindicated.
Pros and cons of using
The obvious advantages of the drug Oxyhom include:
- high speed of impact;
- protection for a long period;
- use for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes;
- the effectiveness of action on fungal infections.
Among the shortcomings, gardeners noted that the drug belongs to the group of hazardous substances and the impossibility of diluting the agent in tanks, since it cannot be combined with an alkaline environment.
When treating with the fungicide Oxych, protective clothing and a face mask will be required.
The drug is toxic and belongs to the first class of hazard. Therefore, it is allowed to use it only after some protective measures. When spraying Oxychom, you should refrain from smoking and eating. A mask and goggles should be worn on your face, and gloves on your hands. After processing, you need to wash your hands and face, rinse your mouth.
Attention! Spraying must be done with a quality device. Do not allow drops of solution to roll down on the foliage.
Oxyhom should be stored in a dark, dry place out of the reach of children. The drug packaging must be tightly closed.
Instructions for the use of Oxychom contain all comprehensive information about the properties and use of the product. It is successfully used on an industrial scale and in a small area. The drug has proven itself well for both vegetable crops and fruit trees.
Natalia, 58 years old, Saratov.
I used the Oxyhom fungicide for the first time last season. I used it to treat grapes. I sprayed it as soon as I noticed the first signs of the disease. After a couple of weeks, according to the instructions, I processed it again. I noticed the improvement immediately. Next time I use it as soon as the first berry is formed. By the way, the drug can be used for fruit and berry trees.
Tatiana, 45 years old, Volgograd.
This season, I did not wait for the appearance of diseases on my vegetables and processed potatoes as a preventive measure, as soon as the bushes took root and grew. Re-spraying was done after flowering. Then a third time after 10 days. So far the potatoes are quite normal, with no signs of damage.