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In order to stylishly and unusually design the territory of a personal plot, it is not at all necessary to turn to a landscape designer for professional help. There is nothing easier than defining the boundaries of your own site yourself. And this can be done by erecting a decorative fence, which is commonly called wattle fence.
Materials for wicker fences
Recently, they have become very popular ethnic style wicker fences. Wattle, or as it is customary to call it, tyn, is universal and at the same time this original decoration for any site. It is very simple to do it with your own hands, since manufacturing requires a minimum of materials and skills.
Wattle fence is a universal fence that is very often used in summer cottages and garden plots. Moreover, it is used not only as a perimeter fence, but also as a miniature fence inside the site itself to fence flower beds or flower beds.
Any novice master can make a decorative fence with his own hands. The main feature of such fences is that it can be made from almost any material, namely from flexible branches of trees or plants. It is best to weave from rodsusing the following types of materials:
- Bulrush is considered to be very fragile and short-lived material, so fences made from the branches of this plant are not very popular. Such fences are made from whole bundles of reeds by means of a vertically mounted picket fence. If the reeds are not at hand, it can always be replaced with a cattail. To do this, the cut branches are first woven into sheaves, after which they are attached to the horizontal fence by means of a wire. Such fences should not be used for fencing a large perimeter of the site, since after a couple of years the fencing will become unusable, and it will have to be changed. The best option for using reed hedges would be to visually delimit small functional areas or to enclose low flower beds and front gardens.
- Hazel is considered a fairly durable and strong tree. Therefore, it can be used for the construction of large fences around the perimeter of the site. For the manufacture of the fence will require young branches of hazel. It is best to harvest them in advance: approximately from the beginning of spring - before the first buds appear on them.
- The branches of the vine are no less strong and elastic - they bend perfectly, serve for a long time, are not afraid of strong humidity and can withstand various temperature extremes. If you stick grape branches directly into the ground in early spring, then they will begin to take root, as a result of which you can get a unique hedge due to the flowering of grapes.
- Do-it-yourself willow wicker is durable and very durable. Willow branches bend and weave perfectly. Therefore, a fence made of this type of tree will look great as a large-scale fence around the entire perimeter of the site. As a material, you can use not only cut willow branches, but also live ones by planting young shoots in the soil. In the process of growth of branches, a hedge is formed that looks gorgeous and perfectly protects the interior of the territory from prying eyes.
- A fence woven from brushwood refers to a decorative element that can only be used to decorate the interior of a territory. Brushwood is very short-lived, brittle and bends badly. Therefore, this type of material is usually used as a fence for a front garden, flowerbed or for visual separation of functional zones on a site.
Types of Fence
Having decided on the choice of material, it is necessary to consider what type of weaving will be used in the process of erecting the fence. There are several options for weaving fences from branches. Each of them can be easily implemented with your own hands. The weaving speed will directly depend on the amount of work:
- Weaving branches for the fence in a horizontal way. It assumes the presence of long branches - over two meters. The rods are stacked between vertical columns, which are previously digged into the soil and poured with concrete. The distance between the supports is best done at least thirty centimeters.
- Vertical weaving of branches for the fence. To make such a fence, it is necessary to fix branches in a horizontal direction on tightly mounted supports - they will be the basis for starting weaving. It is best to choose supports with a diameter of about 5-6 centimeters.
- Checkerboard weaving. In this case, the twigs must be installed horizontally at once several pieces in one bunch at a time. Thanks to a similar hedging technique, a checkerboard pattern appears on the surface of the fence.
- The most difficult weaving technique is a diagonal checkerboard. To do everything right, you will need to fix wooden frames between the posts, on top of which branches are attached at a distance of 10-15 centimeters. After this, the fixed rods will need to be turned in a diagonal direction, while the following branches are woven between the rods towards the opposite diagonal. It is very difficult to make such a fence on your own the first time, so first you need to practice weaving.
You can also make a rounded fence, which will look gorgeous around the front gardens or flower beds. Such fences perform a decorative function and simply help to decorate the site.
Advantages of Wicker Fences
Wicker fencing has several main advantages.that distinguish them from hedges made of artificial materials. They are as follows:
- A wooden or wicker fence made of twigs contributes to giving an atmosphere of coziness and soulfulness.
- Such a fence looks original and very stylish, and if it is decorated with additional decorative elements, the fence will take on a unique look.
- The fence is made of natural and environmentally friendly materials. Unlike artificial materials, wooden fences do not exude harmful or toxic substances.
- Ease of manufacturing and installation of all elements of the fence. You can cope with this task alone without resorting to the help of professionals.
- Braiding is the most profitable option for an unusual design solution. Suitable materials can be found at your site or in the nearest forest. If you buy a fence made of artificial materials, it will hit the budget hard.
- You can put a fence of rods anywhere on the territory of the house adjoining site.
Regarding the shortcomings, they consist only in the fact that such fences, when improperly installed, quickly deform, they do not have a security function and they are short-lived. Otherwise, wicker is an excellent analogue to expensive fences.
Before you make a wicker fence with your own hands, you should first start preparing the material from which it will be created. If this is not done, then the fence of the rods will be short-lived and fragile, and the branches will bend badly and give in to processing.
It should be remembered that fence blanks should be done either in early spring or autumn. This is due to the fact that during this period the trees secrete the least juice and they practically have no abundant foliage. Try to pick up smooth and long shoots without knots. Material preparation must go through the following steps:
- A week before starting to weave the fence, the rods should be soaked in water for one day. You need to lower the branches into the water with thick ends down, since in this case the water can draw all the wood and resin out of the rods.
- As for the removal of bark from the surface of branches, this is not necessary, since it helps protect the rods from external influences. However, it should be remembered that peeled branches will look much more beautiful and neat.
- Before starting to make the fence, the rods need to be pre-treated with an antiseptic composition, which will allow the tyn to become more durable and durable.
- So that the fence does not heel and fall from the wind, and is also durable, a pillow should be prepared from the drainage. To do this, dig a trench at a depth of about 50–70 cm in the place of installation of the hedge. Put sand at the bottom - about 15 cm thick. A drainage pillow will help protect the rods from rotting.
- The final stage is the installation of support pillars, where the braid for the fence will be attached.
After the preparatory work, you can begin to install a decorative fence. To do this, you need to stock up on tools:
- tape measure;
- dense wire;
- a hammer;
- protective gloves;
- with a knife.
Instructions for creating vertical tyna
In order to make a vertical wattle do it yourself, just follow the simple instructions and follow the sequence of actions:
- First you need to make all the necessary markings for the installation of support pillars. You can make supports from any durable material: thick pipes, logs, fittings and so on. The thinner the diameter of the rods, the closer to each other you need to place the support posts.
- After installing the support and its strengthening, you can begin to string the rods. To do this, you need to tie several thick branches in the horizontal direction to the already installed supports - they will become the slats to which the finished rods will subsequently be attached. Three to four cross bars for each span are enough.
- After that, it is enough to take twigs and start threading through prepared horizontal slats. You need to string the branches in the vertical direction, slightly bending during the weaving process. At the same time, thickened endings should go into the prepared foundation and abut it tightly.
- In order for the branches to be pressed tightly against each other, they need to be tamped a little with a hammer, and then tied with a strong wire, rope or fishing line from above.
- Extra and uneven branches that stick out strongly need to be cut with a knife or secateurs.
- To preserve the appearance of the rods, you should cover the finished fence with a stain or other protective compound.
That's it, the vertical fence for the hedge is ready. If desired, it can be decorated with some decorative elements or just painted in any color you like.
Having prepared all the tools and materials, you can begin the construction of a horizontal fence. The process includes several stages:
- As in the first case, here, too, first you need to make all the necessary markings, cut the rods into sizes of a suitable length and prepare the foundation for support. In order to hold the fence too high, a deeper penetration into the soil should be done, and the support posts should be poured with concrete.
- Having made the basis of the fence by installing vertical posts, you can begin to string the rods. To do this, you need to take the branches and begin to thread through the vertical crossbars in turn. In order for the rods to fit together well and tightly, they should immediately be rammed with a hammer.
- It is important to remember that each individual twig should alternately braid each vertical crossbeam to the very top, as long as the height of the support posts allows.
- It is important to ensure that all rods are evenly distributed throughout the fence.
- As soon as the required fence height is reached, the protruding rods should be trimmed so that the fence becomes neat.
- The ends of the rods remaining on the sides of the hedge must be secured to each other by means of a dense rope or wire.
- At the end of the work, the fence should be treated with a protective agent, which will allow it to maintain a more attractive appearance and strength for longer.
So that the parts of the fence that will be in the ground do not rot over time, they should pre-char or grease with bitumen. Always use only wet rods, as dry branches bend poorly and break quickly. And in order to somehow decorate the finished fence in an unusual way, it is enough to use a variety of elements of a traditional decor - here you can use everything that the fantasy suggests.