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Landing of zucchini is carried out according to the lunar calendar
One of the urgent issues of summer residents is related to the timing during which it is possible to plant zucchini in 2018. In this matter, one can focus both on general rules related to the climatic conditions of a particular region, and on the dates of the lunar calendar.
Landing dates in different regions
As a rule, the growing season of zucchini until the fruit fully ripens is about 50-60 days. Therefore, there is no need to sow seeds for seedlings - they can be planted in open ground. However, in the case of late-ripening varieties (as well as in regions with a short summer), it makes sense to pre-sow seedlings and transfer seedlings to the garden a month later.
In any case, it is possible to plant in open ground only if these conditions are met simultaneously:
- Daytime temperature does not fall below + 22 ° C.
- At night, no lower than + 14 ° C.
- The risk of frost return is excluded.
The growing season of zucchini until the fruit fully ripens is about 50-60 days
According to the description, the middle and second half of June are suitable, since at the beginning of summer frosts are still possible. Theoretically, you can postpone sowing until the beginning of July, if the weather is cool for a long time (during the day no higher than + 20 ° C). Regarding recommendations for specific regions, the situation is as follows:
- For Moscow region and areas of the middle zone recommend planting seeds after June 10th. Landing at the end of May is also allowed, but it is better to take care of the film shelter. You can choose among a large number of varieties - Gold, Tsukesh, Zolotinka, Bely, Waterfall, Delicacy and many others.
- For the Urals and Siberia advise to begin work in the open ground not earlier than June 15. Here the choice is also very large - for example, Isolde, Marquise, Astoria, Tenderness, Anchor, Zebra and many others.
- In the southern regions (North Caucasus, Crimea, Kuban and others) you can start working in mid-May. Summer residents in these places can grow any varieties, including late-ripening, for example, Spaghetti, Kuand, Gribovsky 37, Black Beauty, Squorushka, Jade and others.
Planting zucchini seeds in open ground
Sowing seeds of zucchini for seedlings in 2018 according to the Lunar calendar
Regarding the recommendations of the lunar calendar, it is important to pay attention to both favorable and unfavorable days. Almost all cultures need to be planted in the days of the growing moon, which is true for zucchini. If you grow them in seedlings, then seeds are preferably planted on such days:
- February: 18th and 23rd (preferably for the southern regions);
- March: 6-7, 20-24 and 30-31 (also mainly for the south);
- April: 4-6, 8-11 and 19-23 (for the middle lane);
- May: 5-9, 10-12 and 21-24 (Siberia and the Urals).
Favorable dates for planting seeds directly into the open ground are also calculated. (including in a greenhouse or under a film shelter):
- May also 5-9, 10-12 and 21-24;
- June: 3-7;
- July: 2-4, 31.
Zucchini seeds are available at the store.
If it is impossible to keep within these dates strictly, at least unfavorable days are excluded:
- February 16;
- March 2 and 17;
- April 16 and 30;
- May 15 and 29;
- June 13 and 28;
- July 13 and 27.
In all pairs the days of the new moon and the full moon are indicated - energetically they are not suitable for most agricultural work.
Seeds are taken only healthy, with a normal appearance
General landing rules
Once the planting time is determined, it is important to remind yourself of the rules for growing zucchini. In general, they are simple - it is enough to ensure normal temperature and watering. In addition, directly Before planting, it is better to choose healthy seeds and process them.
Seed selection and preparation
Seeds are taken only healthy, with a normal appearance. If you take your material (not in the store), you can use only the seeds of varietal (rather than hybrid) crops. Immediately before planting, they can be held for one hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate (concentration 1-2%).
Then you can hold in a solution of complex mineral fertilizers or growth stimulants (soak overnight). After that, they are planted in pots or immediately in open ground. The first shoots normally appear within a week. A month later, they are transplanted into the garden, keeping an earthen lump.
The first shoots normally appear within a week
Soil selection and planting technology
For planting, choose ordinary garden land. Although you can approach from a scientific point of view. The following is considered optimal:
- half peat;
- 20% of humus and sod land;
- 10% sawdust.
According to the reaction, the soil should be neutral (pH of the order of 6.5-7.5). If it is known that the earth is acidic, you need to neutralize the acid. Previously, chalk or ash (slaked lime can be added) to the soil and spilled with water.
If planted on seedlings, then ordinary cups are selected (one seed per container). It is better to take a seed with a sprouted sprout and plant it to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, slightly sprinkled with earth. If they plant directly in the soil, choose an arbitrary interval of 5-7 cm. The planting technology is the same - they are put in a small hole and sprinkled with earth.
For irrigation, it is preferable to use settled water at room temperature.
Light and temperature
In the first week, the temperature should not be lower than + 20 ° C. Then, when several sheets appeared, it can be reduced to + 17 ... + 18 ° C. And a week before the transfer to open ground, they again raise it to + 20 ° C ... + 22 ° C. If, according to forecasts, short-term temperature drops of up to + 14 ° C and less than degrees are possible, it is better to take care of the film shelter.
As for lighting, the zucchini loves sunny places. Therefore, when growing in the garden, it is better to choose a bed on which the shadow does not fall. And while caring for seedlings You can provide additional illumination for 2-3 hours a day.
For irrigation, it is preferable to use settled water at room temperature. Frequency - once a week, so that the soil is always moderately (but not too) wet. Regular watering contributes to the rapid growth of the fetus, but at the same time prevents its early ripening.
Top dressing is applied only two times - when the culture gives flowers, and then - at the beginning of the formation of fruits. They immediately introduce complex mineral and organic fertilizers. And for the first time, it is important to ensure that the plant receives nitrogen, which promotes growth.
What and when to plant on the lunar calendar
Zucchini belong to those cultures that are very undemanding in terms of care. They grow well in typical conditions (watering, top dressing, moderately warm summer). Therefore, the plant has spread widely in almost all regions of our country.