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Plum Orlovskaya dream

Plum Orlovskaya dream


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Plum Orlovskaya Dream is a winter-hardy and productive variety for the middle lane. It is appreciated for its early ripening, high frost resistance and good fruit taste.

Breeding history of the variety

The variety was obtained at VNIISPK - a state institution where breeding work is carried out. In 2009, the new hybrid was entered into the state register. The authors are E.N.Dzhigadlo, Yu.I. Khabarov, A.F. Kolesnikova, I. Ryapolova, A.A. The variety was obtained due to the cross-pollination of Alyonushka plum seedlings.

Description of the plum variety Orlovskaya Dream

The tree is of medium size, reaches a height of 2.5 m. The crown is spreading, raised, medium foliage, pyramidal in shape. The bark of the trunk is smooth, brown in color. Branches are bare, brownish-brown, straight.

Flowers are collected in inflorescences of 3 pcs. The rim is 13 mm in size. The petals are white. Leaves are light green, smooth, with a pointed edge.

Characteristics of plum fruits of the Orlovskaya Dream variety:

  • rounded shape;
  • weight - 40 g;
  • diameter - 41 mm, height - 44 mm;
  • narrow deep funnel;
  • Red color;
  • numerous subcutaneous points;
  • slight waxy coating;
  • the pulp is juicy, fibrous, yellow;
  • colorless juice;
  • the bone is ovoid, it is difficult to separate from the pulp.

Taste characteristics are rated at 4.4 points. The fruits are easily removed from the stalk, do not crack when ripe. If the tree is overloaded, the plum becomes smaller. Solids content - 13%, sugars - 10.3%.

Important! The Chinese plum variety Orlovskaya Dream is recommended for cultivation in the Central Region. When planting in colder climatic zones, winter-hardy rootstocks are used.

Variety characteristics

Chinese plum has a number of characteristics that are taken into account when choosing a particular variety. The culture is characterized by increased winter hardiness, early flowering, self-fertility and abundant fruiting.

Drought resistance, frost resistance

The drought resistance of the Orlovskaya Dream variety is average. In the absence of moisture in hot weather, the yield decreases and the growth of plums slows down. However, stagnation of moisture in the soil is more detrimental to the culture.

The variety showed high frost resistance of both wood and fruit buds. Covering materials are used to protect against freezing.

Plum pollinators Orlovskaya dream

The variety is partially self-fertile. The crop is formed without the participation of pollinators, but planting them will help increase yields. As pollinators, plum varieties blooming at the same time are suitable: Nezhenka, Nadezhda Primorye, Pyramidalnaya, Alyonushka.

Plum blooms early: from the second decade of May. The fruits ripen in mid-August. Plums are formed on bouquet branches.

Productivity and fruiting

Yield indicators are assessed as high. On average, 99.2 centners of fruits are harvested from 1 hectare, the maximum figure is 119.8 hectares. Fruiting starts in the 3rd year.

Scope of berries

Chinese plums are consumed fresh or used in home canning.

Disease and pest resistance

Plum Oryol Dream is not susceptible to clotterosporosis. So that the tree does not suffer from fungal infections and pests, agricultural techniques are followed and preventive spraying is carried out.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The main advantages of the variety:

  • good productivity;
  • high winter hardiness;
  • presentation and good taste.

Important disadvantages of the variety:

  • partial self-fertility;
  • under heavy load, the drain becomes shallow.

Landing features

Attention! The fruiting and growth of the Chinese plum depends on the competent planting of the Orlovskaya Dream variety.

First, a seedling and a place for growing are chosen, after which a planting pit is prepared.

Recommended timing

In warm climates, the Chinese plum is planted in the fall when the trees have shed their leaves. The seedling has time to take root and will be able to endure the winter. In regions with early frosts, work is left until spring. After the snow melts, you need to wait for the soil to warm up. Planting is performed before the leaves bloom.

Choosing the right place

For the Chinese plum, areas that meet a number of conditions are suitable:

  • good lighting;
  • flat terrain, hill or slight slope;
  • lack of moisture stagnation;
  • light drained soil.

The Chinese plum prefers forest or black earth soils. Sandstones and light loams are best suited for growing Orlovskaya Dream plums. So that the tree does not suffer from moisture, it is not planted in the lowlands.

What crops can and cannot be planted nearby

Plum is best planted in groups of 2-3 varieties.

The culture is removed from the apple, pear, birch and other large trees by 5 m or more. Planting plums next to raspberries and currants is not recommended, however, proximity to other shrubs is allowed.

Selection and preparation of planting material

It is better to purchase seedlings of the Orlovskaya Dream variety in garden centers or nurseries. The plant is assessed visually: there should be no rotten areas, cracks, broken shoots or other defects on it. If the roots of the tree are too dry, you can lower them for 3-4 hours in the water before planting.

Landing algorithm

Important! A planting hole for a Chinese plum is prepared in 1-2 months. If the work is planned for the spring, the pit is dug out in the fall. Be sure to prepare the soil and add nutrients.

The order of planting the Chinese plum Orlovskaya dream:

  1. First, they dig a hole 60x60 cm in size and 80 cm deep.
  2. Fertile soil is mixed with compost in equal amounts. From fertilizers add 200 g of superphosphate and 60 g of potassium salt.
  3. The substrate is transferred to the pit and left to shrink.
  4. When the time comes for planting, a small hill is poured out of fertile land. A plum is planted on top, its roots are straightened and covered with earth.
  5. The soil is compacted, and the seedling is watered abundantly.

Plum follow-up care

Fruiting largely depends on the care of the Orlovskaya dream plum.

The tree is watered 3-4 times per season: during flowering, fruiting and late autumn. 5 buckets of water are poured under young plantings, an adult tree needs 9 buckets.

Full dressing of the Orlov variety begins 2 years after planting. Until then, the tree has enough fertilizer laid in the planting hole. Every 3-4 years, the site is dug up and fertilized with compost. In the spring, the plum is watered with slurry; in the summer, a solution is prepared from 50 g of superphosphate and potassium salt per 10 liters of water.

Advice! It is convenient to combine plum fertilizing with watering. After adding moisture, the soil is loosened and cleaned of weeds.

By pruning, the crown of the tree is formed. It is enough to prune the Chinese plum every 2-3 years. Leave annual shoots on which the harvest ripens. Preventive pruning is carried out annually: they remove frozen, broken and diseased branches.

To protect the Orlovskaya Dream variety from freezing in late autumn, winter watering is performed. The trunk is spud, compost is poured on top with a layer of 10 cm. The newly planted plants are covered with burlap, which is attached to the frame. The trunk of a tree in winter often attracts mice and hares, so it is protected by a casing made of tin or metal pipe.

Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention

Dangerous diseases of the culture are shown in the table:

Disease

Symptoms

Wrestling

Prophylaxis

Black leaves

In early summer, a black bloom appears on young leaves.

Spraying shoots with Bordeaux liquid or Horus solution.

1. Control of plum thickening.

2. Preventive spraying with wood ash infusion.

3. Cleaning of fallen leaves.

Scab

Dark, rapidly growing spots appear on fruits and leaves.

Plum treatment with Abiga-Peak.

The table shows the most common crop pests and how to deal with them:

Pest

Signs

Wrestling

Prophylaxis

Sawfly

The larvae eat the ovaries that fall from the tree.

Treatment with the drug "Fufanon" or "Karbofos".

1. Cleansing the trunk of moss and dead areas.

2. Treatment of plums with insecticides or tobacco dust.

3. Digging up the soil under the drain.

4. Harvesting leaves in the fall.

Shield

The pest sticks to the branches and is covered with a shield. The affected plum is quickly depleted.

Spraying with Nitrofen solution.

Conclusion

Plum Orlovskaya Dream is intended for planting in the middle lane and colder regions. The variety is resistant to disease and frost, has a universal table purpose. Fruiting and growth of the tree depends on the choice of the seedling and the place for growing. After planting, the plum is given constant care.

Testimonials

Maria Svetlova, 34 years old, Moscow region

I decided to start growing plums after I tasted delicious jam at a party. I brought 2 seedlings to the dacha. As my relatives told me, the variety is called Oryol Dream. Unfortunately, only one tree has taken root. Now, if a snowless winter is ahead, I cover the trunk of the plum with sacking. In the future, there were no problems with this drain. I harvest a very good harvest from plums. Fruit jam turns out to be no less tasty.

Sergey Kamyshin, 56 years old, Oryol

I always try to purchase zoned varieties of plums and other crops. The nursery attracted the seedlings of the Oryol Dream. At the dacha, an early plum was already growing, so there was no need to worry about pollination. Last year, the shoots were strewn with fruits. This did not affect their size in the best way. Next year I will pinch the extra ovaries. The plum attracts the sawfly and other pests. I use a proven remedy against them - tobacco dust. I spray it on the branches and leaves to scare away insects.

Video feedback on feeding plums, including the Oryol Dream:


Watch the video: The Plumb Line (February 2023).

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