Breeders are constantly developing new varieties of tomatoes. Many gardeners love experimenting and always get acquainted with new products. But every summer resident has tomatoes, which he always plants, from year to year. Such favorite and popular varieties of tomatoes include Grushovka.
Description of the variety
Siberian breeding Grushovka tomato is suitable for growing in open ground, in a greenhouse. The growing season for tomatoes of this variety is 110-115 days. Standard bushes do not grow higher than 0.7 m and do not require pinching. When fruits ripen, it is advisable to use supports, otherwise the stem may break under the weight of ripe tomatoes.
Tomatoes of the Grushovka variety live up to the name - the raspberry-pink fruits grow pear-like as in the photo.
Ripe tomatoes can weigh on average 130-150 g and, according to summer residents, have a pleasant taste. Tomatoes do not crack, they are perfectly stored and transported, they are suitable for processing, preservation and fresh consumption.
The main advantages of the Grushovka tomato variety:
- growing a tomato does not require special conditions;
- it is characterized by low growth and a rather strong vertical trunk, therefore, it needs a garter already during the ripening period of the crop;
- the root system is close to the surface, which ensures rapid absorption of water and fertilizers;
- drought resistant;
- pinching is not required;
- resistant to diseases and pests;
- tomatoes tolerate transplanting well.
The Grushovka variety has practically no drawbacks and has a high yield - about 5 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from a bush.
To get a good harvest, you need to grow strong seedlings. Therefore, when sowing seeds, attention must be paid to the soil and the quality of the seed.
Serious producers treat seeds with special disinfectants, antifungal drugs, and growth stimulants. Pre-sowing treatment is written on the packaging or the grains are dyed. If it is not possible to buy expensive seeds, then you can buy unprocessed grains and prepare yourself.
To select hollow seeds, all the grains are placed in salted water (a teaspoon of salt is dissolved in half a liter of water). Full seeds settle to the bottom, while empty ones float to the surface. To disinfect the seeds of Grushovka, a 1% solution of potassium permanganate is used - they are wrapped in a loose cloth and immersed in the solution for 18-20 minutes.
Advice! Do not overexpose the grains in a solution of potassium permanganate (this can have a bad effect on germination) and be sure to rinse them under water.
It is believed that sowing seeds of a tomato variety Grushovka is carried out 60-65 days before planting on the site. It is recommended to purchase a special potting soil mixture for growing seedlings.
- Layers of drainage and soil are poured into the box. So that the seedlings are not weak, the seeds of Grushovka are placed in grooves 2-2.5 cm deep. The seed is covered with earth and the entire surface is slightly moistened. The container is covered with transparent film or glass and placed in a warm place.
- When the first sprouts of Grushovka tomatoes appear, remove the film and put the box in a well-lit place.
- When three leaves appear in the seedlings, you can plant the sprouts in separate containers. To harden the seedlings, take them out to an open place every day. The period of being in the fresh air is gradually increased. Immediately before planting, the seedlings should be outdoors all day.
The time for planting Grushovka tomatoes in open ground is determined by the air temperature outside. The optimal time is when the soil warms up to 14-17˚ С. It is recommended to place no more than 5-6 bushes per square meter.
When arranging the beds, it is advisable to maintain a distance of 30-40 cm between the holes in a row, and select strips 60-75 cm wide for the row spacing.
Watering and fertilizing tomatoes
The standard tomato of the Grushovka variety does not require special attention. It is enough to water as the earth dries up. Since the roots of this tomato variety are located close to the surface, it is necessary to exclude abundant watering. Otherwise, the root system of tomatoes will be exposed. To prevent the rapid drying of the earth, loosening the soil is carried out.
Advice! Do not vigorously loosen the soil near the trunks of Grushovka tomatoes, otherwise you can easily damage the roots of the plant.
Mulching the soil is also a great way to prevent the soil from drying out quickly. In addition, mulch will slow down the growth of weeds. Straw and cut grass are used as a mulching material.
If the soil on the site is not fertile, then it is recommended to apply mineral and organic fertilizers.
- The first feeding is carried out 7-10 days after planting. You can use different mixtures. A tablespoon of nitrophoska and half a liter of liquid manure or a tablespoon of the factory fertilizer "Ideal" are diluted in 10 liters of water. Half a liter of solution is poured under the tomato bush Grushovka.
- During the flowering period, a solution is used: 0.5 liters of chicken manure, a tablespoon of superphosphate and a teaspoon of potassium sulfate are added to 10 liters of water. The mixture is thoroughly stirred and poured into a liter of solution under each bush.
- When the Grushovka tomatoes begin to ripen, it is necessary to use fertilizers containing boron, iodine, manganese, potassium. These elements will provide a high yield of juicy and fleshy Grushovka tomatoes. To prepare top dressing, take 10 liters of water, 10 g of boric acid (in powder), 10 ml of iodine, 1.5 liters of ash (well sifted). The mixture is gently stirred and poured under a bush by a liter.
Advice! Only boiling water is used to dissolve boric acid. The powder is diluted in a small amount of water, and then added to the total mixture.
To speed up the setting and ripening of Grushovka tomatoes, foliar feeding is carried out. To do this, dilute 50 g of superphosphate in 10 liters of hot water. The solution must stand for a day and then each bush is sprayed with 10 ml of the composition.
It is better to make any kind of dressing in dry weather in the morning or evening. The best option is to combine this procedure with watering tomatoes. You can alternate different ways of feeding Grushovka tomatoes.
Important! In order not to be mistaken with fertilizers, one must bear in mind: nitrogen mixtures are applied in the spring, since they ensure the growth of green mass, and phosphorus and potash are added during the growing season and in autumn.
Diseases and Preventive Measures
The Grushovka tomato variety is considered resistant to many types of diseases. But when signs of a disease appear, one should not hesitate with measures.
Macrosporiasis appears as brown spots on the foliage and trunks of the tomato. The fungus forms first on the lower leaves and spreads up the plant. Tomatoes become infected especially quickly in conditions of high humidity, especially when rainy and dry weather alternates. On fruits, rounded brown spots are formed first around the stalk. Tomatoes Grushovka can suffer from the disease at different periods of the growing season. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to avoid placing tomato beds next to potato plantings. To combat the disease, agents containing copper are used (a solution of a suspension of 90% copper oxychloride).
Viral mosaicism spreads in the cells of Grushovka tomatoes, destroying chlorophyll. Therefore, the foliage acquires a spotted pattern with stains of emerald and beige shades. The foliage becomes thinner, collapses, which leads to a decrease in the number and size of tomatoes on the bush. The virus is well preserved in the ground, and in tomatoes of the Grushovka variety it settles thanks to ticks, nematodes. There are no funds yet to fight the disease. Cardinal measures are the removal of diseased plants from the site and burning. As a preventive measure, it is necessary to control the vectors of the disease, collect the residues after the harvest and burn them.
Ripe fruits are placed in boxes with the stalks up. First, put paper on the bottom of the container.
The boxes should be installed in a cool, shaded area. The optimum storage temperature is 10-13˚ С. Tomatoes retain their pleasant taste for 2-2.5 months.
Both novice gardeners and experienced farmers working in large areas can grow Grushovka tomatoes and harvest an excellent harvest.
Reviews of gardeners
Svetlana Ignatenko, Krasnoyarsk
The Grushovka variety is an excellent tomato that practically does not require much attention. I did not tie short bushes. The tomatoes are tasty, with firm pulp.
Vera Nosova, Belgorod
I have been growing a tomato variety Grushovka in the open field for more than 5 years. I collect my seeds. I like the neat shape of the bushes, sometimes about 30 fruits were collected from one plant.