Advice

Astilba transplant in the spring, in the fall to another place

Astilba transplant in the spring, in the fall to another place


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Lacy greens with bright panicles of flowers are found in all climatic zones of Russia. Its endurance and ease of maintenance attract florists. To achieve its lush flowering, you need to know how to properly transplant astilba to a new place.

The bright color of Astilba varieties allows you to make interesting combinations in the landscape

Why do you need to transplant astilba

Astilba bush grows and blooms without transplant for decades. During a long growing season, the rhizome rises above the ground. There is a threat of its burning out in summer, rotting from increased moisture, frostbite without a snow cover.

Over time, the structure of the soil depletes and changes - the roots suffer from oxygen and mineral starvation. Without transplantation, the inflorescences become smaller, their number decreases. Greens are losing their volume and attractiveness.

The root system of the bush increases by an average of 4-5 cm per year, which makes it difficult for astilba to grow in dense group plantings. The flower is recommended to be transplanted after 3-4 years.

When can astilba be transplanted

The perennial is transferred around the site during the entire growing season. This does not always happen without loss. Favorable terms depend on the climatic conditions of the region. You can transplant astilba to another place:

  • in early spring, when the buds of growth are swollen;
  • in the summer, however, experienced gardeners advise to wait until the flower releases at least 6 buds, observing the transplant rule - do not break the earthen lump;
  • in the fall - after the astilbe has completely faded.

A plant transplanted during these periods adapts faster.

When is it better to transplant astilba: in spring or autumn

Timing depends on the purpose of the process. It is better to do astilba transplant for rejuvenation in the spring. The awakening kidneys are pronounced, it is easier to highlight healthy segments.

In the fall, you can create compositions from early flowering varieties. They are transplanted in order to enjoy their lush bloom at the very beginning of next summer.

Important! Often, the growth of the bush is noticeable only in the summer, do not wait for the plant to fade, transplant the astilba. This will prevent root depletion and disease development.

When can you transplant astilba in the spring

Spring awakening of Astilba in the process of transplant

Frosts recede, buds of growth awaken - the plant is ready for transfer to a site prepared in advance in the fall. Benefits of a spring transplant:

  • successful survival;
  • rapid growth of the root system;
  • budding already in this season of medium flowering and late species;
  • prevention of diseases (strong immunity is developed).

This period is only suitable for a heel transplant.

When to transplant astilba in the fall

The optimal time is the end of August or the beginning of September. The transplant numbers depend on the completion of flowering and weather conditions, the disturbed plant must be given time to root (at least 1.5 months).

In order for new bushes of early species to bloom at the beginning of the next season, they are also transplanted in the fall.

A dormant period for culture is also appropriate. Astilba can be transplanted in the fall even in October.

When to transplant astilbe in the suburbs

Due to its biological origin, the culture easily adapts to the capricious climate of the Moscow region, it is well accepted in fertile soil. You can transplant an adult astilba plant in the Moscow region from spring to autumn.

If the weather is warm and the snow melted early, then the bush is ready for transplanting at the end of April. In the usual spring, astilbe begins to be relocated from the first days of May, the main thing is that its new location corresponds to the variety.

You can also transplant astilba to another place in the fall at different times. It is dug out in late August or early September. If the earth has not yet frozen, and the air temperature has not dropped below + 5C, then October is also a good time.

When transplanting, experienced gardeners observe the lunar calendar. For better rooting, it is necessary to plant a culture in the ground on the growing moon and in a fertile zodiac sign.

The transplant of astilba in October should take place in a declining phase so that the roots do not start growing.

When can astilba be transplanted to a new place in the regions

For the selection of cultivated varieties, wild species inhabiting the forests of North America and the Pacific Islands are used. Thanks to this, the hybrids successfully decorate the gardens and parks of the northern regions, the middle zone and the south of Russia.

The timing of the transplant of astilba in the fall in Siberia and the Urals is completely dependent on the weather. Given the early onset of frost, the optimal period is the end of August and the first week of September. Only then will the transplanted flower take root fully.

Spring planting of the northern regions is possible when the air warms up to +10aboutC, usually at the end of May. With a protracted spring, transplanting may be postponed until early June. This circumstance will delay flowering or even postpone it to the next season. If there is no urgent need, then it is better to change the location of the astilbe in the fall.

In the mild climate of the south, an adult astilbe plant is transplanted most often in April, so that the adaptation period ends before the onset of heat. With an autumn transplant, October is the ideal time.

How to transplant astilba to a new place

Astilba is an unpretentious flower. It will grow anywhere in the garden. But in order to see the fullness of the colors and enjoy them longer, you need to transplant the astilbe correctly.

Site selection and soil preparation

The location on the site depends on the species and variety, they are all shade-loving and moisture-loving. The diffused light of large trees is ideal shelter from scorching rays, but at the same time, species of lighter shades prefer more illuminated areas.

The best neighbors of the transplanted astilbe will be ornamental trees and shrubs, since fruit trees take up a lot of moisture.

Astilba decorates the root zone of large trees

The plant feels great on the banks of reservoirs and wetlands, in the vicinity of fences and buildings.

Astilbe is original as a border

The soil is preferable loamy, fertilized with humus, slightly acidic. The alkali in the ground is neutralized with dolomite flour and ash. Only for the next season can the astilba be transplanted to this new place. Heavy soils are diluted with sand, peat or compost at the rate of 10 kg / m2.

With a close occurrence of groundwater, drainage is placed in the planting pits, protecting the rhizome from decay. If moisture does not linger, and the soil dries out quickly, it is advisable to put a hydrogel on the bottom, it will retain water and give it to the plant at the right time.

Hydrogel and drainage - reliable protection

The holes are not made deep, about 20 cm. So the transplanted astilbe will have a place to grow roots up. The diameter depends on the size of the root system, the hole should be 5 cm wider.

The top layer of soil dug out of the hole is mixed with rotted manure, a glass of ash and 20 g of mineral fertilizer. The seedling is then poured with this mixture.

Advice! Do not use the bottom depleted soil from the planting pit for burying seedlings. It is useless to the plant. Only in fertilized soil will the shoot fully develop.

How to Dig and Prepare Astilba Bushes

The plant has to be moved in different cases, so the transplanting methods are also different.

Methods and their implementation:

  1. Transfer - used for emergency transfer.
    Carefully dig in about a bush at a distance of 15-20 cm from the stems, remove an earthen lump and transfer it to a previously prepared place. Place it carefully in the hole so that the earth does not crumble, otherwise the suction roots will be damaged.
  2. Complete soil replacement - used during transplanting an adult astilba plant to another place, rejuvenating the bush with dividing the rhizome into separate segments.
    Dig up a flower, shake off the ground, rinse the roots with water. Use a sharp sterile knife to cut them into divisions with 5-6 buds. Process the sections with crushed coal or soak in a solution of potassium permanganate.
  3. Partial transplant. In early spring, without digging up the bush completely, several renewal buds with roots are separated. This segment is also called the "heel". Both cuts are treated with ash. The maternal root is buried. Cut off - planted in another place.

    The division of the root into segments should be done very carefully, with sharply sharpened tools.

Advice! When dividing the old rhizome, you can use a shovel or an ax, only the place of the cut must be covered with ash.

If astilba was purchased in a retail network and was stored in peat soil:

  • the roots are thoroughly cleaned before planting;
  • placed for a day in any growth stimulant, for example, Kornevin;
  • washed in a pink solution of potassium permanganate.

And only then the delenki are transplanted into the ground.

Transplant algorithm

The transplanting process itself is not complicated and is performed in several steps.

Stages

Necessary actions

Seat selection

Shaded, moisturized

Soil preparation

Digging, cleaning weeds, fertilizing

Planting pit work

Lay drainage or hydrogel (if necessary) at the bottom of the hole, fill it with soil to the middle, spill it with water

Planting rhizomes

Place in a hole so that the growth buds are 5 cm below ground level, straighten the roots, cover with soil, filling all cavities, compact

Final work

Thoroughly shed, mulch with a layer of 5 cm

Mulch will prevent the soil from drying out and the rapid spread of weeds. When transplanting several bushes, an interval of 30 - 40 cm must be observed.

Mulching is an important step in care

Astilba care after transplant

The versatility of the flower does not require much attention other than regular watering, especially in the first year after transplanting. Annual feeding with organo-mineral fertilizers will maintain the nutrient balance in the soil. Timely weed removal and mulching will prevent the roots from drying out. Shelter for the winter in a harsh climate will protect astilba from freezing.

Conclusion

Transplanting astilbe is not difficult if you listen to the advice of knowledgeable people. She is picky and takes root easily. A competent transplant will extend its life and flowering for a long time.


Watch the video: How to transplant 6 Pack Celosia Plants into Pots. Planters (February 2023).

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