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Maria is an early ripe eggplant variety that bears fruit as early as the fourth month after planting it in the ground. The height of the bush is sixty - seventy-five centimeters. The bush is powerful, spreading. Requires a lot of space. You should not plant more than three bushes per square meter of this variety.
Fruits are medium in size, weighing two hundred to two hundred and thirty grams. They are good for industrial cultivation, as they have a beautiful, even shape, resembling a cylinder, and about the same weight. The skin has a beautiful purple color. The white pulp is devoid of bitterness.
The variety Maria is high-yielding. Unlike the Almaz variety, it consistently produces high yields. You can get up to eight kilograms of fruit per meter.
The variety is intended both for open beds and for growing in greenhouses and film shelters. The main advantage of this eggplant variety, in addition to its high yield, is its resistance to nightshade diseases and a calm reaction to temperature extremes.
For growing eggplant, the soil is prepared in the fall. The best precursors to eggplant are cabbage, legumes, cucumbers and carrots.
Important! Do not plant eggplants where other nightshades have grown.
As “relatives”, eggplants are susceptible to the same diseases as other nightshades.
You will need to choose a place for landing that is calm and well-warmed by the sun. Eggplants do not like strong winds, but they are very fond of warmth, being southern plants by origin.
Peat and fresh manure are introduced into well-dug beds and left for the winter. During the growing season, eggplants are in great need of potassium and phosphorus, so they will be grateful if about half a kilogram of ash per square meter or potassium salt with superphosphate is added to organic matter. On average, one hundred grams per unit area.
When preparing the soil in the fall, you need to carefully select the roots of perennial weeds. At the same time, in the fall, you can add straw cutting or sawdust to the soil. If the soil is heavy, sand can be added. Eggplants prefer light loam and sandy loam soils.
Early and mid-season varieties are most often planted in open ground, since eggplant is considered a long-growing crop and may not have time to ripen before the cold weather.
Important! All eggplant fruits must be harvested before frost.
The variety Maria, being early maturing, fully meets these requirements. Eggplant can be planted outdoors, but it is advisable to do so in southern regions with long summers. To the north, the variety is more profitable to grow in greenhouse conditions.
It should also be borne in mind that the fruits of the Maria variety, although they are not large, but with a large harvest, the bush may need to be tied up.
Eggplant seeds must be prepared for transplanting. The seeds are disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate, after which they are soaked in a nutrient composition for 24 hours.
It happens that the seeds have been lying for too long and have lost a lot of moisture. Such seeds can be placed in oxygen-enriched water for a day. Sounds scary. In fact, this requires a conventional aquarium compressor. The seeds are placed in a container with water and the compressor is turned on.
Next, the seeds can be placed in pre-prepared pots of soil. You can pre-germinate them in a damp cloth at an air temperature of twenty-five degrees. After five to seven days, it will become clear which seeds have grown. The seeds that have hatched must be transplanted into the ground, the rest must be thrown away.
Attention! Eggplant does not tolerate transplanting very well, so the seeds must be planted immediately in separate cups.
From such a glass, the young eggplant will later be transplanted into the ground directly with an earthen lump.
Eggplants are usually planted in a mixture of turf and peat. There are options for humus with turf or humus with peat. Basic requirements: a large amount of organic matter, the ability to retain moisture without waterlogging the soil. Soil acidity 6.5 - 7.0.
If garden soil from your garden was used as an admixture, then the soil must be disinfected. This can be done by calcining the soil in the oven, or spilling the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate.
The Maria variety is planted in open ground at the end of May in the south and at the beginning of June in the Middle Lane after the end of the night frosts.
After planting young eggplants in the holes, the earth is slightly compacted and mulched, sprinkled on top with a layer of sawdust three to four centimeters thick.
When planting in greenhouses, you need to monitor the humidity. The trouble with greenhouse cultivation in a favorable environment for the development of pathogenic bacteria. The Maria variety is resistant to the most common diseases, but under certain circumstances, the immune system can be broken. There are also less common diseases for which eggplant varieties have not yet been bred for.
It is not only potatoes that amaze, it can also nest on eggplant. The type of affected fruit can be seen in the photo.
Control measures: spray with fungicides at the first sign. As a preventive measure, all plant residues are removed from the soil in the fall if possible.
Eggplant is also not considered a disease, but anthracnose itself does not think so. The photo shows what an eggplant affected by this fungus looks like.
Unfortunately, one of the most dangerous diseases. The infection can persist even in the seeds of eggplant, therefore, if the seeds of this crop are affected by the fungus, it is better not to leave the eggplant for divorce. Often, the infection becomes noticeable already at the stage of fruit ripening. Fungicides are used to combat the fungus.
Attaches to eggplant in greenhouses. This is also a fungal disease that thrives in high humidity conditions in the microclimate of greenhouses. In the photo there is a fruit affected by white rot.
As a preventive measure, it is necessary to monitor the humidity of the air and soil. The soil must be disinfected both when sowing seeds for seedlings and when planting seedlings in a greenhouse. If there are signs of white rot on plants, fungicides should be used.
Reviews of gardeners
Reviews about this variety of eggplant generally delight the hearts of its creators.
Lyudmila Myaskovetskaya, Crimea, Mikhailovka
I have always grown the Almaz variety, but last year I was tempted to take the Maria variety. They said that this type of eggplant is more suitable for our southern climate. The fruits I didn’t succeed were large, but there were a lot of them. So we spun more than twenty three-liter bottles for the winter, and ate fresh ones. But the flesh is really not bitter, but the skin is bitter.
Igor Pavlov, Kursk region, Lyubostan
I am starting to grow Maria from seedlings in a greenhouse. I have a film greenhouse. As the soil warms up, I remove the film and the bushes grow in the air. In my opinion, the best way to grow this variety. Friends complained that if grown only in an enclosed space, then hefty bushes would grow without a crop at all. My eggplants do not die in the early stages, while there is a possibility of frost, but they also do not drive the foliage later. I'm happy with the variety.