You can dry rose hips in the oven at a temperature of 40 to 70 degrees for 4-8 hours. These values can be adjusted in an electric or gas oven. And if the device allows you to turn on the upper airflow (convection), then the processing will take even less time. It can be done in just 4-5 hours. There are other ways, for example, you can dry rose hips in a gas cabinet at 30 degrees (without changing the temperature) for 12 hours.
Is it possible to dry rose hips in the oven
You can dry rose hips in the oven or in an electric dryer for harvesting berries for the winter. In this form, they are stored throughout the season, without spoiling the product. Moreover, the pulp retains not only aroma and taste, but also useful substances. For example, during cooking, vitamin C is destroyed. At the same time, drying takes place at a temperature of 60–70 degrees in an air environment. Therefore, a significant proportion of vitamins and other nutrients are retained.
You can dry in the oven not only berries, but also the roots of the plant. They are used for medical purposes, for example, to treat pathologies of the gallbladder, to remove kidney stones. Rhizomes are suitable for the prevention of prostatitis and many other diseases.
How to prepare fruits before drying
The berries are harvested only in ecologically clean places, and not after frosts, but 2-3 weeks before them. After harvesting, it is better to start drying on the same day. The fruits do not need special preparation, moreover, they do not need to be washed or sepals are separated. Even a small amount of moisture will harm the drying process. You will have to choose a different temperature or time. If you separate the sepals, the flesh is easily damaged.
Therefore, when preparing, you should act in this way:
- Place all fruits on a flat surface.
- Remove crumpled, damaged berries.
- If possible, cut the fruit in half. This is optional, but this method speeds up drying; in addition, the seeds can be removed immediately.
- Then put on a baking sheet in one layer and put in the oven.
Important! If the berries are picked after rain, they will be dirty and damp.
This is the only case when the fruits will need to be rinsed, and not under running water, but in a basin (in a warm, but not hot, hand-friendly liquid). Then they are laid out in one layer on a napkin and dipped. After that, the berries are scattered on paper and left in the open air (under a canopy) or in a ventilated area.
You can only collect fully ripe rosehip berries, and you need to be in time before frost
At what temperature to dry rose hips in the oven
It is permissible to dry rose hips in the oven at 50-60 degrees. In this case, you always need to start with a minimum temperature - 50 or even 40 ° C, but not lower. As it dries, the temperature is gradually increased to 60 degrees. At the final stage, you can set the maximum: 65–70 ° C, but no more.
Regardless of the selected processing method, the technology will be approximately the same. The temperature is gradually increased until reaching a maximum by the last hour of drying. At the same time, the door is slightly opened so that excess moisture can freely go away. Otherwise, the fruits will not reach the desired state.
But there is also the opposite approach: the temperature is immediately raised to maximum values, and then, on the contrary, is gradually reduced. The advantage of this method is the rapid evaporation of moisture. The disadvantage of this method is a sharp drop, due to which the peel can subsequently crack. Therefore, this method is recommended only in cases where the fruits are initially wet (collected after rain, washed in water and not dried on the table).
Important! The device should not be warmed up in advance. It is better to put a tray of fruits first, and then light a fire.
How long to dry rose hips in the oven
You can dry rose hips in the oven in 5–7 hours, less often the process is extended to 8 or even 10 hours. It should be noted that the time strongly depends on the type of oven:
- The electrical appliance warms up well, which is why the air in it quickly becomes dry. Therefore, processing here will take no more than 4–5 hours.
- The convection device provides additional circulation of dry, hot air due to the top blower (fan). Therefore, here the time should also be reduced to 4–5 hours.
- A gas stove with an oven makes the process more "natural", so it takes longer - up to 6-8 hours.
In all cases, for the first 30 minutes, it is better to leave the door closed so that the space warms up well. Then it is slightly opened and left in this state until the end of the process. An hour before the expected completion, you need to see the fruits, perhaps they are already ready.
Advice! It is difficult to name the exact drying time - it depends on the power of the oven and the size of the berries.
Therefore, it is better to determine the readiness yourself. If the treatment went right, then all the fruits will shrivel, the skin will become more transparent, and the seeds will be visible. But the color of the berries will not change.
It is necessary to dry the rosehip until the moisture completely evaporates and the appearance of pronounced wrinkling
How to dry rose hips in an electric oven
Rosehip drying technology is about the same. The berries are laid in one layer on a clean baking sheet, it is set clearly in the center of the fire source, after which the temperature is turned on and gradually increased.
In the case of a conventional electrical appliance, the lowest possible (for this process) temperature of 40 degrees is initially set. The fact is that the cabinet heats up quickly, and so that there is no drop, it is better to start with this value. Drying rose hips in an electric oven is possible faster than all other methods - 4 hours is enough (less often up to 5).
After 30 minutes, the door is opened slightly and left in this form until the end of the procedure. Starting from the second hour, the heat gradually increases, bringing it to 60 ° C. Check the readiness and, if necessary, leave the baking sheet in the cabinet for another 30-60 minutes.
Attention! If there are a lot of rose hips, it is recommended to load several pallets at once.
But then they will need to be dried at different speeds: the first (lower) will come up faster, then the second, the third. Moreover, the temperature should be initially increased by 5-10 degrees, since the volume of the load is large.
How to dry rose hips in a gas stove oven
You can also dry rose hips in a gas oven, in which small positive values are set. Place the baking sheet in the center of the flame, light the fire, set the temperature to 50 ° C. After 30 minutes, the cabinet is opened slightly and continue to dry until fully cooked. 2 hours after the start of the procedure, the fever is increased, bringing it to a maximum by the last hour (70 degrees).
Advice! You can also try an alternative way - to dry the rose hips at 30 degrees, without reducing or adding heat.
Then the berries are left in the cabinet for the whole day. They will have to dry for at least 12 hours. The process is lengthy, but effective.
Drying rose hips in the oven with convection at home
Drying rose hips in an electric convection oven is even easier. It is enough to put the pallet and turn on the cabinet at 40 degrees, immediately with the convection mode. It is also better to open the door initially so that moisture can freely come out. The heat can be added slightly, gradually increasing to 50 ° C. The processing time is minimum - 4, maximum 5 hours.
Attention! Since this method of processing is the most powerful, the rose hips should be dried carefully. After 3.5 hours, it is recommended to check the berries for readiness.
Drying rose hips with convection is possible for a maximum of 4-5 hours
A longer process will negatively affect the quality of the product.
Drying rose hips in the oven is quite simple. The main thing is not to wash the berries, and if they are already wet, then it is good to dry them in the air (under a canopy) or in a ventilated area. The device is not warmed up in advance - the fire is turned on only after laying the raw materials. Drying begins at a minimum temperature, gradually increasing to a maximum. The door is kept slightly open at all times.