Tulips are popular not only in Russia, but also successfully grown in other countries. In autumn, an almost ideal time comes for planting in the soil most flowering bulbous, as well as small-bulb and bulbous plants.
The most suitable time for planting plants such as tulips, comes in the midst of the "Indian summer". This is the most suitable period for growing healthy and plentifully flowering plants in Central Russia and the Moscow Region.
So that planting tulips in the winter in spring could please the grower with plentiful and early flowering, it is important to take care of the planting dates in autumn. It is not difficult to determine when to plant blooming bulbs. The main problem of beginner gardeners is not so much determining the time when plants can be planted, but how to correctly select the method of planting and variety of tulips.
One of the basic requirements of the rational agricultural technology of tulips in the Moscow Region is represented by the ability to determine when and how to perform a periodic change of flowering crops. Neglect of these rules can create a strong depletion of soil layers, as well as cause the spread of diseases or pests. In addition, with violations of the technology for growing tulips, it is often possible to observe clogging of flower beds with chopped plants.
Grade Selection Rules
Tulip bulbs are best planted in the fall, guided by variety. To perform the planting of these plants in open ground in garden flower beds and flower beds, it is advisable to use varieties related to Darwin Tulips, as well as different types of hybrids fond.
When choosing a variety for planting in the winter, it is recommended to give preference to fairly tall plants. It should be remembered that low-growing varieties from the category of simple early, as well as terry, are better for gardeners when grown as a pot culture.
It is advisable to plant them at home. In addition, it is extremely important not only to know how to plant prepared tulip bulbs, but also to correctly choose a place for planting, as well as to prepare material for planting.
Preparing bulbs for planting
When the choice of variety is made, you should make sure that all planting material purchased for planting before winter is high-quality and healthy. It is extremely important at the preparation stage to carefully and carefully examine each tulip bulb. Any suspicious in terms of health, as well as affected by various types of rot or deformity bulbs must be discarded.
When the verification of planting material is completed, and only quality bulbs remain, you should proceed to their processing. Bulbs must be soaked before planting for several hours in a weak pink solution of a pharmaceutical potassium permanganate.
This procedure will allow you to destroy any pathogens that are present on the surface of the bulbs, as well as pathogens hiding under the cover flakes that can harm plants after planting in the ground in the fall. Instead of potassium permanganate, it is allowed to use no less effective preparations intended for the etching of planting material.
Planting Tulips in October
Secrets of location on the site
Most often, tulips are planted in autumn in flowerbeds or flower beds located in fairly lit places. Planting and growing these wonderful bulbous flowers in containers on alpine slides is especially popular. For medium in height, as well as tall tulips, it is advisable to select areas that are well protected from gusts of wind. The first type of plants is used to decorate a personal plot, and the second type of tulips is good in cutting when making bouquet compositions.
It is important to carry out the correct and competent design of the flower garden. Tulips blend beautifully with other flowers and can be planted with plants that bloom later. This planting method is aesthetic and allows you to hide tulips unsightly after flowering. Marigolds, as well as salvia or petunias, can be a good addition to tulips. When the tulips bloom, these plants just come flowering time.
Preparing the soil for planting
Tulips should be planted in due time on sandy, rich in humus, as well as neutral or slightly alkaline soils. The presence of too light sandy soils can be improved by the introduction of manure in the autumn, as well as the addition of humus, compost and soddy soil. Planting tulips on green manure gives a good result when planting in the fall.
To improve heavy clay soils in autumn, river sand with humus should be added or green fertilizer should be scented into the flower garden. In addition, when it is time to plant onion, it is important to fill a 2-centimeter layer of sand at the bottom of the furrows. You can not make fresh manure for planting tulips. This fertilizer leads to decay of the root system of plants. Fresh manure may be introduced no earlier than three years before planting.
The best indicators of plant growth and flowering are observed when using properly prepared compost, which must be etched with formalin or bleach before use. You can use Granozan for dressing or use the steaming method at certain times.
The introduction of high-quality fertilizers at a strictly defined time contributes to the best reproduction of plants, as well as an increase in bulbs and extension of flowering time. This effect is achieved as a result of the development of a powerful root system. The introduction of basic dressing requires the use of autumn irrigation.
A couple of months before planting, it is recommended to add humus, superphosphate, potassium salt and ammonium nitrate to the flower beds and flower beds. In addition, when the pre-planting time comes, it is necessary to carry out a deep digging of the soil, followed by leveling the upper layer. All work related to soil preparation should be completed a couple of months before bulbs are planted. With later preparation, a rupture of the root system of plants may occur in the event of soil subsidence.
Features of planting in the fall
When planting planting material in the form of bulbs or corms, it is recommended to perform a cushion of river sand of insignificant height under the bottoms. The thickness of this layer should not be more than 2 cm. Tulip bulbs should not be pressed or screwed into the soil when planting. This can harm the buds of the new root system. The parameters of the depth of the soil layer over the bulbs should be equal to twice the height of the bulb itself. An exception is the landing rules in the northern regions.
Granular fertilizer should not be put on the surface of grooves. A safer way of fertilizing is dusting the soil with quality compounds. It is not recommended to land in wet soil, so in rainy weather it is advisable to postpone the bulbous planting.
Tips & Tricks
An effective and convenient way is the use of special plastic baskets that are designed for planting bulb plants. Planting material of the same species or of different varieties can be placed in these containers, as well as composing compositions using different bulbous and bulbous flowering crops.
Songs based on hyacinths, tulips, and small hazel grouse look beautiful. Planting baskets can vary in size and shape. When planting large planting material, it is advisable to use deeper baskets that are designed to grow aquatic plant types.
Planting Tulips with a Planting Cone
If the planting was carried out too early, and the planted onion bulbs began to germinate, then it is recommended to cover the planting site with a mulching layer of 10 cm. Such measures are effective for plant protection even in the conditions of a protracted warm autumn period.