Proper handling and fertilizing of peppers in the greenhouse

Proper handling and fertilizing of peppers in the greenhouse

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In the greenhouse, you can grow many vegetable crops, as well as berry plants and greens. Most often, ridges in a greenhouse serve to produce a crop of cucumbers, tomatoes and Bulgarian sweet or hot peppers. Peppers are not very difficult to grow. You can use the seedling method or sow directly on the ridges.

Regardless of what kind or variety of pepper is grown in a greenhouse, this plant is very often affected by various pests and does not tolerate depleted soils. Therefore, the main requirements for growing pepper in a greenhouse are the proper processing of plants and the timely application of fertilizers.

General information

Almost every summer resident can grow peppers in a greenhouse, but not everyone gets a high and high-quality crop. You can use different methods and modern methods of growing vegetables in a greenhouse, but only the right agricultural technology, as well as the processing and top dressing will help achieve the desired result.

If the fundamentals of agrotechnical requirements are known to almost all plant breeders, the types of basic treatments, the timing of their implementation, and also the fertilizer application scheme are often not followed. This situation is developing not only due to a lack of knowledge among gardeners, but also due to the particularities of the technology for growing heat-loving vegetable plants in a greenhouse.

Peppers must be processed starting with seeds before planting. Only high-quality and properly processed pepper seeds will allow you to grow healthy and stably fruiting plants in the greenhouse. It should be borne in mind that the main stage of processing and fertilizing plants falls on the period after transplanting seedlings to ridges in the greenhouse.

Types of treatments

It is necessary to process greenhouse peppers when diseases or pests appear, and also if it is necessary to perform foliar feeding with stimulating solutions or fertilizers. Of greatest interest are the processing of peppers in a greenhouse in order to protect against pests or diseases.

  • Aphid - the most dangerous pest of peppers in the greenhouse, causing significant damage to the crop. The pest infects the stems, leaves and flowers of the plant. Control measures consist of treating plants with agents based on rapidly decomposing insecticides. It is possible to treat the surface green part of plants with folk remedies using wood ash and tobacco dust with liquid soap.
  • Spider mites - common greenhouse pests that feed on juices of peppers and other vegetable crops indoors. You can perform treatment against the spider mite with special chemicals, and for the purpose of prevention, use folk remedies based on garlic and onions, with which plants are periodically sprayed.

  • Slug. Very often this pest is found on plants grown in closed ground. Slugs eat leaves, stems and fruits of pepper, the violation of the integrity of which leads to decay and damage. A good means of extermination is the manual collection of the pest and the treatment of plants in the greenhouse with the chemical preparation Arrow.
  • Blackleg. Such a disease can be observed on pepper in a greenhouse when the moisture and heat conditions are not observed. The root part of the plant is affected, which causes malnutrition, and can cause the death of the plant. A good result is achieved using the biologically active product "Barrier", the processing of which is carried out according to the instructions.
  • Gray rot - a very dangerous fungal infection for peppers in a greenhouse, often leading to mass death of plants. The fight against fungal infection consists in treating plants with modern fungicides and the Barrier preparation, as well as immediately removing all parts of the plant affected by the fungus from the greenhouse.

You can learn more about pepper pests and how to deal with them.

Greenhouse Pepper Care

Types of fertilizers

It is very important to properly fertilize peppers in the greenhouse with the necessary fertilizers for the growth and development of plants. Pepper is adversely affected by cultivation on depleted soils with insufficient nutrients. There are several types of effective fertilizers:

  • organic fertilizers for peppers, which are very difficult to replace with any chemical preparations. As organics, you can use manure, humus, peat, bird droppings and peat compost;
  • mineral fertilizers for pepper, which can be used ammonium nitrate, urea or urea, ammonium sulfate, calcium nitrate, superphosphate, potassium chloride, potassium sulfate or potassium salt, potassium nitrate or ordinary wood ash;
  • for fertilizing pepper, complex dressings of plants can be applied, the most popular and effective of which are ammofoska and nitrafoska.

Fertilizing rules and terms

The rules and terms for fertilizing peppers differ significantly from top dressing of tomatoes and cucumbers, and by type are closest to eggplant.

The first feeding of peppers at the stage of growing seedlings for the greenhouse involves the use of one of the following nitrogen-potassium fertilizers, which will help seedlings grow more intensively and get good immunity against diseases or pests:

  • a solution of potassium nitrate, based on thirty grams of dry matter per ten liters of water;
  • thirty grams of the drug "Kemira-Lux" ten liters of water;
  • a solution based on a mixture of foskamide in the amount of thirty grams and superphosphate in the amount of ten grams per ten liters of water;
  • an aqueous solution with a dilution of two teaspoons of ammonium nitrate, three tablespoons of superphosphate and three teaspoons of potassium sulfate.

The second top dressing of peppers at the stage of growing seedlings for the greenhouse includes the use of one of the following complex fertilizers:

  • 20 g "Crystal" per ten liters of water;
  • 30 g "Kemira-Lux" per ten liters of water;
  • a mixture of 70 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium salt diluted in ten liters of water.

To fertilize pepper, you can use the method of applying nutrients directly to the soil. You can choose one of the following fertilizer options:

  • a mixture of 40 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium chloride per square meter in a greenhouse;
  • a mixture of 40 g of superphosphate and 30 g of wood ash per square meter in a greenhouse;
  • introducing mullein infusion into each landing well at the rate of one liter of mullein per twenty liters of hot water.

Peppers are fed in the greenhouse at the stage of mass flowering by one of the following fertilizers:

  • nettle infusion;
  • infusion of mullein or bird droppings;
  • ammofoska at the rate of 30 g per ten liters of water;
  • urea with superphosphate and potassium chloride at the rate of one hundred grams per ten liters of water.

Peppers are fed in the greenhouse at the fruiting stage by one of the following fertilizers:

  • superphosphate at the rate of 40 g per ten liters of water;
  • potassium sulfate at the rate of a teaspoon per ten liters of water.

Pepper dressing in a greenhouse

Particular attention should be paid to the fact that with reduced greenhouse temperatures and insufficient lighting in peppers, the need for potassium increases. The use of wood ash gives a very good result, the addition of which is periodically carried out under the bushes of plants throughout the summer.

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