Butterflies, or Lepidóptera evoke a sense of admiration not only in children but also in adults. This largest group of insects has more than 158 thousand species. The wingsize of the largest butterfly reaches almost 28 cm. Lepidopterologists are involved in the study of numerous species of butterflies.
Butterfly wings can be of various colors, shapes and sizes. They are the main decoration of Lepidoptera. Iridescent, multi-colored wings have long been the subject of numerous legends, they are depicted in paintings and considered the personification of the human soul.
You can attract these unique insects to your personal plot in various ways. The most common are the location on the site of special butterfly feeders, planting certain flowers and plants that attract such insects, or growing an adult butterfly from a caterpillar.
Caterpillar butterfly growing
A variety of caterpillars populate the trees and flowers, which are their food supply, so you need to take them together with the plant. The found caterpillar must be planted in a cage or jar, which is covered with a lid or gauze. A few holes must be made in the lid, which will facilitate the flow of fresh air.
After some time, the caterpillar turns into a chrysalis, on the body of which it will be possible to notice the faint shape of the body of the future butterfly. Butterfly breeders consider observing the process of the birth of a butterfly the most interesting and fascinating activity. Such a process takes several hours and looks like a real little miracle.
The wings of a butterfly, which has just been born, resemble small rags hanging on a frame of veins. At this point, a stick or twig must be placed in a jar or cage. If the butterfly cannot find a suitable support, then her wings will spread incorrectly and then she will not be able to fly fully.
Butterflies grown from caterpillars remain on the personal territory. To do this, you can plant special plants that attract such insects and form the main forage base for them.
Plants for butterflies
Butterflies like a lot of bright flowers and weedy plants, but they also have especially favorite ones:
- garden daisy;
- Turkish clove;
- all varieties of zinnia;
- purple coneflower.
To enhance the effect, you can use a variety of feeders. They are quite easy to manufacture, but require constant attention and care.
The design of such feeders can be completely diverse. Their shape, size and design are completely dependent on imagination and the materials available. A beautiful and neat feeding trough will not only allow you to observe the vibrant life of these extraordinary insects, but also give the garden an individuality and a special charm.
Today, several elegant and stylish options for feeders have become widespread.
For the first option you will need:
- strong rope;
- deep ceramic plate;
- hook or ring;
- decor elements.
The manufacture of such a design takes about an hour and proceeds as follows.
- Using wire, it is necessary to make the frame for the plate, which will serve as the basis of the feeder.
- Cut the rope into four equal sections of 25-30 cm.
- Visually divide the edge of the plate into four parts and attach the cut ropes to these places, tied to a wire base.
- Assemble all the ropes into a single unit at the top and attach a hook or ring.
- Decorate the ropes with various elements: beads, plastic flowers and leaflets.
The butterfly feeder is ready, and you just have to fix it in the garden.
The second version of the feeder is not suspended on the branches of garden trees. It can be placed on the ground or along garden paths. It organically fits into the garden landscape, but takes a little longer than its hanging counterpart. For manufacturing you will need:
- ceramic flower pot;
- ceramic plate or large saucer;
- glue for tile work;
- decor elements.
The entire manufacturing process takes place in several stages.
- The bottom of the plate or saucer is glued to the bottom of the flower pot with tile glue.
- Decor elements are glued onto the finished and dried structure in a chaotic manner. Mosaic from pieces of multi-colored tiles looks interesting and stylish on such a feeding trough.
- The seams between the glued tile fragments are wiped with a special grout.
- The finished feeder is wiped with a damp sponge, installed in the selected place and filled with a special feed mixture.
Mixers for feeding trough
As bait, you can use assorted fruits, fruit juice or nectar. Butterflies enjoy treating themselves with slightly spoiled bananas and mangoes. These insects are especially weak for melons and watermelons, and also willingly fly up to feeders with peeled and chopped oranges and apples.
To make the fruit bait more attractive, you can douse it with a special "nectar" that is easy to make at home. To prepare it, add 2 cups of granulated sugar to 2 cups of boiling water. Stir the resulting solution until sugar is completely dissolved and cool to room temperature.
Such a sweet syrup can be watered not only with fruit bait, but also with simple foam sponges. For the same purpose, you can use water with honey in the form of a 5% solution. Such a solution quickly acidifies and needs regular replacement.
It should be borne in mind that some species of butterflies do not eat at all. And for most butterflies, it’s enough to get food only once a day. The feeder should be located in well-lit places with the possibility of an unhindered approach.