Outside the window, the autumn sun still shines, half of the foliage has not yet fallen from the trees, but soon autumn will exceed half of the time allotted to it by nature and winter will inevitably come. And what will be the decoration of your garden and indeed the landscape surrounding the house in winter, when all deciduous plants - trees and shrubs - lose their green outfit? That's right, decorative conifers will become such an adornment.
If your goal is not to grow potatoes on the site around the country house, but just want to create a garden landscape that pleases the eye, then coniferous plants that do not require special care either in winter or in summer will become the basis for your garden. There is simply no alternative to them.
They are very unpretentious, immune to most plant diseases, do not need feeding and weeding, are incredibly diverse and beautiful all year round.
Among the decorative conifers, a special place is occupied by thin-scaled larch.
Distribution and ecology
This tree is endemic to the Japanese island of Honshu, i.e. its natural habitat was limited to this particular island. Hence the origin of another of its names - Japanese larch. In nature, the tree grows in large homogeneous massifs in the mountain forest belt at an altitude of not lower than 1600 m above sea level. At a lower height, solitary larches are found, preferring oaks, beeches and hornbeams as neighbors. At home, this species of larch has been cultivated for a long time and is a traditional object of bonsai art - the technique of growing a miniature copy of a real tree.
Japanese larch is well adapted to cold and dry climates, resistant to late spring frosts. Among all types of larch, shading is best tolerated. Cultivated trees successfully grow on podzolic soils and chernozem, but they feel best on fresh and powerful strata of clay and sandy soils.
Description of Japanese Larch
This species of larch has branches, slightly twisted in a spiral, and a reddish-brown fissured bark, which differ from its other species. Over the year, the tree grows 25 cm up and 10-15 cm wide. Fruits in the 15-20th year of life. The thick and long branches of this beautiful tree are located almost horizontally and create a crown in shape resembling a wide pyramid.
Japanese larch often has a trunk with many peaks, its red-brown bark is not too thick. Young shoots have a crust of reddish hue, covered with a bluish bloom. The buds are dark brown in color, shiny, the needles are blue-green, up to 5 cm long.
This tree has a number of features due to which it recommends using this plant to equip the landscape of its courtyard:
- In the autumn, the needles of this larch acquire a bright yellow tone much later than the needles of larch of other species, due to this, Japanese larch looks in landscape compositions as a bright, eye-catching spot.
- The cones of the tree are spherical in shape, yellowish-green in color, with leathery and thin scales, bent, like rose petals. On the branches, cones can last up to three years, forming small seeds of light brown color.
- These trees are resistant to low temperatures, but whimsical to the soil composition. They are developing well in the conditions of the city.
- Rapid growth and frost resistance led to the widespread use of Japanese larch as an element of landscape compositions, as well as landscape design in the form of single landings.
- By its decorative properties, this larch has good compatibility in plantings with pine, spruce, juniper, as well as linden, ash oak and many other plants. So by the ability to harmoniously combine with other plants, this tree is universal.
Planting and caring for thin-larch larch
Planting and care of larch is carried out with the advent of early spring, this tree needs early alienation. Planting trees in a permanent place should be carried out as early as possible - the best age for this is 1-2 years. The most favorable period for planting in early spring, even before buds open, or in the fall immediately after the leaves fall.
The gaps between the trees should be at least 2-4 meters. Places open to sunlight should be selected as landing sites, but slight shading is possible.
The tree has a branched and deep root system, providing it with high wind resistance. The planting procedure and the technology of caring for Japanese larch are not too complicated, it is important not to damage the mycorrhiza, located on thin roots. Planting trees to a depth of 70-80 cm is recommended.
Leaf soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 3: 2: 1 should be included in the soil mixture. In heavy clay soils, drainage should be arranged. At the same time, a layer of broken brick of 20 cm is laid at the bottom of the landing pit.
Summer seedlings can be harmful to young seedlings. During this period, they should be watered twice a week, spending 15-20 liters of water for each tree. Loosening should be carried out to a depth of 0.2 m only for young seedlings, adult trees do not need loosening. Weeds should be removed without fail during the first few years after planting.
Japanese larch can be trimmed only at a young age, for mature trees, molding is fatal. To protect the fragile seedlings from spring frosts, you can cover the trees with several layers of kraft paper.
Larch in the garden
Species of Larch Scaly
- Fine Larch Larch Stiff weeper
This is a shtambovy tree (shtamb - a vertical straight trunk from a root to a crown) with shoots creeping on the earth. Depending on the location of the grafting site, when the crown is formed on the stem, the weeping stiff viper (growth direction of branches down) reaches a height of 1.5-2 m with a crown diameter of up to 1 m. A beautifully looking crown with a small number of lateral processes on the branches hanging down causes use of larch Stif viper in the most refined garden compositions.
The tree looks great on sunny lawns both in single and in mixed planting.
The needles of the Stif viper larch are bluish-green in color, and fall no earlier than late autumn. Her female cones are almost always reddish, male cones are yellowish in color. Larch
The viper stiff, like all stunted trees, does not tolerate drought and stagnation of moisture, and is very demanding on air humidity. In dry summers, it is recommended to water the trees in the evening.
- Thin-Scale Larch Pendula
This is a weeping form of Japanese larch, reaching a height of 6-10 m. The slow growth of trees of this variety makes it possible to retain the original appearance of the landscape gardening composition for a long time.
Pendula is very picturesque. Its branches grow to the ground and spread along it with a carpet, forming bizarre decorative patterns. Pendula's needles are soft, bluish-green.
These trees propagate by grafting, are unpretentious to soil conditions, but they grow best on well-drained, fertile soil. Pendula variety is contraindicated in waterlogging of the soil.
- Larch Scale Diana (Diana)
This is a very attractive larch variety with unusual spiral twigs. During flowering, this weeping tree shape is decorated with bright pink cones.
Trees reach a height of 8-10 m with a crown up to 5 m wide. The bark of adult trees is red-brown in color, the crown is hemispherical. The needles are soft green in spring and summer, yellowish in autumn.
Young seedlings are fast-growing, their growth slows with age. This variety of Japanese larch prefers moist, alkaline soils.
They use the Diana variety as a lawn tapeworm (a tapeworm is a highly decorative plant that stands alone on a lawn that stands out against the general background) and is also used in stylized group plantings with other trees and shrubs. It is worth paying attention to this article.